Ancient City: Ancient Living

living roomImagine a city with no streets or doors; no unfair social status and so clean that their sewage schemes will put the best urban planners to shame. Maybe you cannot really imagine or picture out that kind of society now but this was possible thousands of years ago. Catalhoyuk is an ancient city located southeast from the city of Konya in Turkey and is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Catalhoyuk has an estimated population of 10,000. It is formed like a honeycomb with no obvious doors or space for streets. Their rooftops are flat which makes it the walking area of the people while they have holes big enough to fit their bodies that serve as doors and ventilations. Most of them have uniform units of houses; there are no public buildings in the area. There are bigger houses, but not that blatant, that has ornate murals inside. However, they do not have obvious social distinctions among them because there were no evidences that a house is more important or more beautiful than the others.

They bury their relatives and ancestors in the village itself. According to different excavations the dead bodies, which have undergone ceremonies, are under the houses. They also have many murals, and figurines in their homes but no one god stands out. One Seated Woman of Catalhoyuk can be seen mostly in the upper levels of the city. Most of the bodies buried also do not have heads with them; they are believed to be used in rituals as there are skeleton heads seen in some areas. Men and women are also considered to be equally important in the society, a very common trait in Palaeolithic societies.  They receive equal regard, nutrition and reverence.

Catalhoyuk’s end was not documented; there is no known factor which caused its demise. The inhabitants were very steadfast in cleaning their homes that there was very few rubbish found. They also have a very good sewage system finding very little food waste seen inside. Their house has also minimal furniture with almost uniform way of arrangement; some have incomplete furniture while others have none at all. To know more about unfinished furniture and how to make it work, check here.

It remains a mystery how their society died. Some speculated a large migration during the rise of agriculture, it could not have been plague since the bodies found were properly buried and the city was intact. Nevertheless, we should take lessons from them that even though they had a very simple and uncomplicated life, they were able to live harmoniously with each other.

How Surviving the Music Industry is Like Surviving the War

The music industry is definitely a chaotic world. Though it feels great to be cheered on and admired by many, getting to that point is not an easy journey. Thousands of musicians throughout the years have tried to make it big in this industry, but only a few of them have reached the top. In a way, the music industry is similar with a war. This might sound weird, but it is true. Here are some reasons why:

  • In a war, only the toughest troops win. The weak-hearted are always defeated. In the music industry, the same thing is true. Given the number of people who wanted to be on top, it is not easy to rise above the others. Only those who are willing to take the risks and compete head on make it to the end. The Florida Georgia Line band for instance has not made their way to fame as a country pop duo if they have not pushed hard enough. They made sure that their voices are heard and are a cut above the rest.
  • Troops with a good strategy usually win the war. Also, they create an alternative strategy should the original plan fail. Singers must also do the same thing. They cannot just enter the business without a plan at hand. They need to ensure that their brand of music will be appreciated. In the event that their first attempt to fame fails, there must be an alternate plan so that they won’t just give up the fight easily.
  • Sometimes, surviving a war is also about knowing when to give up. The same thing is true for singers. Not everyone succeeds. One must know when it is time to take a different road. For the Florida Georgia Line band, this idea has not crossed their minds as they were able to hold on to their position after capturing the hearts of the people.

Now you know what needs to be done to survive the real battle in the music industry. If you wish to be inspired by the Florida Georgia Line band, you can check this original site now.

The Unexpected Effects of World War I

wwiAnyone who is asked to change the course of history and stop World Wars from happening would definitely say yes. The loss of lives and properties because of the war is so vast that until now, a lot of people can still feel its effect. World War I for instance took place a century ago and has resulted to the death of over 15 million people. However, despite what happened, the WWI still had unexpected results that have given something positive for the future generation,

  • A British surgeon named Harold Gillies was given the task to rebuild disfigured soldiers in a battle. Due to the gravity of some cases, he was forced to reconstruct faces out of something that has seemingly been wiped out. This is where he pioneered new techniques for facial reconstruction. The advancement in this field has started because of his dedication during the war.
  • The aviation industry has developed drastically as a result of wars. Back then, flying planes was only known to a few people. It was also deemed very dangerous. However, because of war and the need to utilize air space, governments poured in money for the development of a better technology to be used in aviation. This is where it eventually became an industry of its own. In 1919, Arthur Brown and John Alcock made a successful nonstop transatlantic flight in just 17 hours with the use of a modified WW I plane. This seemingly impossible feat was made into a reality.
  • The war gave birth to women empowerment. Women during WW I were basically left at home to take care of the family. However, due to war, there was a need for more manpower. This is where over 30,000 women became involved in various services and were employed. In Britain, over 2 million women joined the workforce. From there, the role of women has gotten more and more important.

Again, if we can just erase WW I, we will. However, these positive effects as a result of war are worth thanking for. Check this original site for a stand up comedy show so you can forget the bad memories of war for some time and smile.

Louis Armstrong: The Goodwill Jazz Ambassador

louis-armstrong-12When the Cold War sent the USA and Russia on a whirlwind mission to outdo each other in technological and racial advancements, the Central Intelligence Agency founded the Congress of Cultural Freedom (CCF). This congress spearheaded the promotion of American culture by publishing literary journals, sponsoring modernist musical performances, and hosting modern art exhibits.

Part of its strategy was to send jazz musicians such as Dizzy Gillespie, Benny Goodman, and Duke Ellington throughout Europe, Africa, and Latin America. One of the biggest icons of jazz during that time was Louis Armstrong, also known as Satchmo or Pops. Louis Armstrong and his All Stars, the official name of the jazz band he was part of, toured all over the world to promote how awesome jazz is.

His band was so well-received in Europe that he gained the nickname “Ambassador Satch”. Perhaps in the modern times of the Internet, thousands of fans would buy his tickets at this original site of ticket distribution. The Berlin wall was not able to stop his popularity; soldiers and civilians in and out of the wall absolutely loved him. The legend himself related how West Berlin fans “slipped over the Iron Curtain” to hear him live.

That was in 1955. Ten years after, in 1965, they went to East Berlin to play the tunes How High the Moon, Hello, Dolly and Mack the Knife. They also went to Budapest and dazzled the crowd with their tunes, inspiring an annual Louis Armstrong Festival and the Satchmo Jazz Café.

He made quite a noise in the political arena, too. He was known for his opposition to racial discrimination and other forms of inequality. He once cancelled a tour to the Soviet Union in protest to the use of the National Guard troops to hinder the integration of blacks and whites at Central High School in Little Rock.

While he went around the world as a representative of the American government, it seemed that the government wasn’t doing the Black race any favor. While promoting democracy to the rest of the world, Armstrong’s race didn’t experience freedom in their own homeland. This perplexing irony inspired Dave Brubeck to write the satirical jazz musical known as The Real Ambassadors.

The jazz ambassador continued to play until his last night, July 6, 1971, when he died of a heart attack in his sleep.

Teaching Your Kids About Dinosaurs

The movie The Land Before Time has piqued young children’s interest on dinosaurs and how they lived. The cartoon and storyline was nice but of course, lacked scientific proof. If you want your children to really learn about the dinosaurs better take them somewhere they can learn about what truly happened to them. It will be worth the trip to the American Museum of Natural History Collections and the price of admission to see a long and almost complete skeleton of a dinosaur.

Here, you can view different kinds of dinosaurs ranging from the small to the very large. Your kids will also be able to tell the difference between herbivores, carnivores and omnivores and see what places they preferred as their habitat. Although going on a road trip to New York to go the museum and see dinosaurs is fun, there is now an online alternative. In case you and your child cannot drive all the way to New York, there is still an alternative that you can use.

The American Museum of Natural history has come with an app that allows students and teachers to explore the cavernous halls of the museum’s dinosaur collections . As you may very well know, the museum houses the world’s largest collection of fossils. These dinosaur remnants can be accessed via the mobile app and students and teachers can see for themselves what the dinosaurs were like. There are thousands of renderings, models and photographs of different species of dinosaurs. These magnificent creatures roamed the earth, water and air some 65 million years ago.

There are different theories as to why they became extinct. Some say that an asteroid hit the earth and left an intense cloud of dust so thick that virtually everything died. The same asteroid also caused massive tsunamis which killed ocean-based creatures.  Scientists are still trying to prove if that theory is correct. However, in this day and age, we can all witness the descendants of the might dinosaurs in the form of the animals that we know and love today.

If coming to New York is a plan, you might as well log in here to get some Florida Georgia line tickets for cool entertainment. No trip to the Big Apple will be complete without experiencing its sights and sounds.

Comedy Since Ancient Times

photoComedy, from the Greek word ‘Komoidia,’ pertains to a dialogue or presentation shown humorously that intends to amuse and seek laughter from its audience.

Since the beginning of dramas, plays and orations in the Greek era before the Roman period, comedy played a role to not only entertain people but get people to side with the best humorist in their opinions not only socially but politically as well.

Humorist before uses parody and satire with some (even twisted) logic to dissuade an opinion, thought or belief and they were very effective in political debates. Even today it has not changed as politicians using humor and logic (fallacious or not) to put down political opponents in one-liner monologues and punch lines.

Shakespeare had his share of comedy plays during his time and they were a delight to many that these masterpieces have become classics and still played until now in drama theaters worldwide.

Stand-up comedy, however, started in the 19th century and in 1966, people named the humorist or the medium that made people laugh as a ‘stand-up comic.’ Those were the days of vaudeville, minstrel shows and theater plays.

Some founders of modern American stand-up comedy were Bob Hope, George Burns, Fred Allen, Jack Benny and Milton Berle. Bob Hope, most famous stand-up comedian during World War II, toured Europe during the war to entertain American soldiers and boost their morale.

Comics, another name for the comedians, incorporated other mediums in their show such as magic, playing musical instruments, singing and other props that could help with their presentations. Jeff Dunham used ventriloquism and showed several puppet dolls in every show he did.

Some comics sing and dance like the early stand-up comics such as Bob Hope, George Burns and Milton Berle. Even today, there are many who can sing, dance and/or play instruments during their show like Robin Williams, Woody Allen, Jack Benny, Johnny Carson and Jay Leno.

Daniel Tosh is also an upcoming great stand-up comedian who is going on a comedy tour now. To get his schedule and buy Daniel Tosh tickets if you decided to watch his show, click here.

After watching a comedy show, if you are also interested in a musical entertainment show then check out Justin Moore’s concert tour (visit this website to buy Justin Moore tickets).

Natural History

Explore-The-Natural-History-Museum-Of-New-York-City-3Natural history is concerned with study and research of organisms as they move in their environment; the method of study used is more observational rather than experimental. Scientific research is involved, results of which are often covered in magazines. Natural history is broad, covering ancient Greco-Roman era, Arabic world, up to the European Renaissance. Persons involved in these studies are known as naturalists or specifically, natural historians. Naturalists observe living organisms directly and a study of fossils is often necessary.

Originally, natural history covered humanities and studies of nature. In recent years, it mostly revolves around geological and biological sciences, while natural philosophy is around chemistry and physics.

From a modern viewpoint, natural history would be confined to the study of life and how each organism relates to each other and to the environment. The origin, evolution, behavior, and relationship to other species are the focus. Natural history museums are put up all over the world, and they deal with the study of Paleontology, Geology, Astronomy, Botany, as well as Zoology.

In recent news, one historic Wells Fargo stagecoach took residence at Utah’s Natural History Museum last June 17, 2014, in time for a special exhibit which will run from July 21 until Jan 4, 2015. The role of horses in Utah will be highlighted during the exhibit as well as hand-painted dioramas of the evolution of horses. Various breeds of horses will be introduced. Other exhibit items would be cultural objects worldwide.

In other news, the American Museum of Natural History, located in Paris, received the first-ever ‘trans-Atlantic scent message on June 18. This event is connected with iPhone’s launching of a ‘scent-messaging’ app call OSnap. The app enables users to tag photos with more than 300 thousand scents, transmittable via hotspots, thru Facebook and Twitter. David Edwards and Rachel Field co-invented the messaging platform ( Edwards is the founder and administrator of Le Laboratoire, Paris, a science and design center.

In more news, The Natural History Museum of London is in need of PR help. The museum accommodates over 5 million visits yearly. It has launched a program on profile raising and strategy. Joe Baker, head of external affairs stated that there is a need to be more relevant and accessible to society in general; this will allow fundraising needs to be met. The Natural History Museum Development Trust deals with all fundraising efforts; it was organized 2 years ago. The Museum strives to remain relevant by contributing to awareness on climate change and disease control, as well as the problem of a growing population. The Museum is also focused on efforts in improving visitor interaction and experience, as well as improvement and development of its galleries.

In related news, an exhibition featuring coral reefs is scheduled for Spring 2015 at the Museum.

Panoramic views of reefs and over 200 specimens via HD 180-degree screens will welcome visitors on their visit. Specimen collections by Darwin between 1831-1836 will be included, Turbinaria Coral (a giant one), blue-ringed octopuses, and small sponge crabs.

The Coral reefs house living species of our seas, which millions of people depend on. People benefit on it for fishing, tourism, storm protection, and many other aspects. Reefs appear rock-like but are in fact, colonies of tiny animals with limestone skeletons; such are related to jellyfish. Growth is very slow, about 1-2 mm yearly. They are highly sensitive to ocean changes like temperature, acidity, pollution, and others. It is estimated that a quarter has already been damaged beyond repair.

Meanwhile, a Dino Jaws exhibit is on in Leeds this summer. It’s been the first time again in 3 years that this popular exhibit has returned to the UK. The exhibit features a giant T-Rex, about three-quarter life sized. 10 animatronic dinos are also featured.

In another museum, difference among races is discussed. The Carnegie Museum of Natural History located at Pittsburgh holds an exhibit that focuses on how race is defined and the impact it has on people. According Cecil Shellman, a communications specialist for the Museum, the goal of the exhibit is to raise awareness on diversity and to eliminate racism. The exhibit fosters openness and appreciation for differing races.  Part of the exhibit will be some artifacts and photos that aid in the examination of various races and the issue of racism in the US. The exhibit is held on weekends between 12-2 P.M. Visit the Museum at Carnegie Museum of Art, 4400 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213. Parking is spacious, a six-level parking facility can park vehicles.

The American Museum of National History will open a ‘Spiders Alive!” exhibit on July 4, 2014. A comprehensive look into the fascinating world of arachnids will be granted opportunity. Over 20 species of live arachnids will be present for the exhibit. Anatomy, behavior, and other unique features will be discussed. Life-sized models of spiders will be seen during the exhibit and visitors will be granted a chance to behold live arachnids up close. Myths will be debunked.  The museum actually holds the largest spider collection worldwide. It has lead in the study of spiders for over 75 years.  It’s estimated that more than 45,000 spider species have been discovered to date, and many more remain to be documented. Norman Platnick curates the exhibition. Catch the exhibit along Central Park West and Columbus Avenue.

At Albuquerque, fossils discovered in New Mexico were put on display at the Museum of Natural History last June 17. The exhibit also featured a footprint reported to be 280 million years old. Also, a 2 million year old mastodon tooth was shown.  Paleontologist Spencer Lucas thinks that Mexico is rich in fossils, with a whole lot still to be discovered.

In relation to fossils in Mexico, about 275 square miles is declared as the largest gypsum dune field worldwide; this is found in Tularosa Basin, New Mexico south central. It’s reported to be over 8,000 years old as a result of water evaporation from large lake surfaces, causing gypsum to crystalize. The field is actually located within the protected area of White Sands National Monument (Otero Country).